Anemia is defined as a decrease in the number of red blood cells or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin- an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen from lungs to the rest of the body. Anaemia is a condition in which healthy red blood cells are not able to carry enough oxygen-rich blood.
There are multiple causes for anaemia namely diet lacking in iron-vitamin B12-folic acid, genetic dyscrasias (sickle cell anaemia, thalassemia), haemorrhagic tendencies, chronic liver diseases, insufficient RBC production etc.
Symptoms of anaemia can be :
- Pallor , visible in conjunctival, oral mucosa or in nail beds.
- Unexplained fatigue or feeling tired during routine chores with fainting or blackouts.
- Palpitation i.e. consciousness of one’s heart beats.
- Headache with dizziness, tinnitus, numbness and tingling of hands and feet.
- Shortness of breath on exertion.
- Anorexia, flatulence, nausea, constipation and weight loss may occur.
- Menstrual disturbances are seen in females like amenorrhoea and menorrhagia.
Worm infestation in children often leads to anaemia, hence deworming is necessary alongwith dietary correction .In pregnant females, mild anaemia is common but severe anaemia develops due to improper diet and pre- existing anaemic state. Anaemia in pregnancy with folate and vitamin B12 deficiency results in pre-term labour, neural tube defects in foetus and developmental delays in infant.
In suspected cases of anaemia, a CBC is done routinely for estimation of Hb and differential cell count of blood cells. Hemoglobin (Hb) levels <12.0 g/dL in women and <13.0 g/dL in men are suggestive of anaemia. In pregnancy, there is haemodilution and, therefore, the lower limit in normal pregnant women is less (10.5 g/dl) than in the non-pregnant state.
Other investigations are peripheral blood film for identification of structural defects of blood cells, red cell indices( MCV,MCH,MCHC), leucocyte and platelet count, reticulocyte count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and bone marrow examination.
Management of anaemia requires iron-folic acid –vit B12 supplementation through medicines and diet. Vegetarians should take more of dark green leafy vegetables, fruits ,dry fruits and nuts, lentils and beans, whole wheat, brown rice , dairy products and fortified breakfast cereals. For non vegans red meat, eggs, fish etc. should be taken in increased quantity for improvement in haemoglobin levels. Blood transfusion is needed in severe cases of anaemia.
Homoeopathy corrects anaemia by correcting internal functional imbalance i.e. increasing the absorption and assimilation of dietary nutrition and thus making it available to body for auto-correction of it’s deficits and Omeo anaemia is appropriately designed for this effect. It effectively works to enhance blood Hb levels and maintaining it if taken regularly under the guidance of an expert homeopath.