Renal Calculi – BJain Pharma

Kidney Stones or renal calculi are a very painful condition in which small and hard deposits are formed in the urinary tract which can cause extreme pain on being dislodged or stuck in the tract.

They are formed from the concentration of acid salts and minerals in the renal tract leading to their sticking together in the absence of sufficient flushing of these. It is hence most often caused by inadequate intake of water leading to poor outflow and hence an increase in the chances of this debris being formed.

The 4 main types of kidney stones include: Calcium oxalate stones, uric acid stones, struvite stones and cysteine stones.

Symptoms of stones being stuck in the tract include:

  1. Persistent pain on the sides of the back
  2. Abdominal pain extending to the crotch region
  3. Nausea and vomiting
  4. Painful urination
  5. Poor flow of urine
  6. Blood in urine
  7. Cloudy urine

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